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Posts Tagged ‘free’

The Road to Dissertation

In Uncategorized on June 15, 2014 at 2:42 am

By Antonio Graceffo

a125 neck crank

neck crank chinese

Chinese technique

On the long road to writing my dissertation on the subject of Chinese traditional wrestling compared to modern freestyle wrestling:

roll over

Rules

free ji ben

Brooklyn Monk, Antonio Graceffo is a PhD candidate at Shanghai University of sport, writing his dissertation on comparative forms of Chinese wrestling. He is martial arts and adventure author living in Asia, the author of the books, “Warrior Odyssey’ and “The Monk from Brooklyn.” He is also the host of the web TV show, “Martial Arts Odyssey,” which traces his ongoing journey through Asia, learning martial arts in various countries.
Warrior Odyssey, the book chronicling Antonio Graceffo’s first six years in Asia is available at amazon.com. The book contains stories about the war in Burma and the Shan State Army. The book is available at http://www.blackbeltmag.com/warrior_odyssey
See Antonio’s Destinations video series and find out about his column on http://www.blackbeltmag.com
Twitter
http://twitter.com/Brooklynmonk
facebook
Brooklyn Monk fan page
Brooklyn Monk on YOUTUBE
http://www.youtube.com/user/brooklynmonk1
Brooklyn Monk in Asia Podcast (anti-travel humor)
http://brooklynmonk.podomatic.com

标题:残障人士可以是专业的战士

In Uncategorized on May 19, 2014 at 10:57 am

指导教师 戴国斌
博士生姓名 安东尼(Antonio Graceffo)
学号_1310104008___
联系Antonio_graceffo@hotmail.com

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号称“铁锤”的Matt Hamill是最为著名的残疾格斗士,他既是一名听障摔跤手,又是一名MMA的格斗士。Matt受其在残障社区的明星地位的激励,因此他想证明一个身患听力障碍的残疾人同样能够在职业体育圈里成为最为优秀的运动员。Matt Hamill说,我要证明给所有的人看我可以做到。(Mowl)
“全球100百万患有听力障碍的残疾人,在UFC中而我是唯一一个身患听力障碍的残疾人格斗士,每次在我打比赛的时候,那些身患听力障碍的同胞都会发邮件给我,我每天都会受到3000份的邮件”Matt Hamil. Matt1976年出生,他生下来就是聋子,他的父母是个朴实的农民,他们对待Matt像对待正常孩子一样,他们跟Matt说话,还让他在农场上工作。(BRAKOB)
“Matt的父母锻炼他像个正常孩子一样生活在那些正常孩子的周围”
因为他的父母,Matt Hamill学会了读唇语,而且讲的也很好。农场上的工作让他变得很强壮,之后他的祖父帮助他加入了摔跤队。起初,教练不想培养Matt,因为听力障碍交流很困难。(The Hammer). Hamill的教练不得不在小黑板上写技战术告诉Matt应该怎么做,很多时候会闹出笑话,Matt因为听不到训练结束的口令,他会继续很努力的训练,因此他的对手总是被挨打。并不知道这种做法已经结束,他会攻击他的队友。但教练后面意识到Matt可能会是一个冠军,他变的很高兴去训练Matt。
因为他从小在农场工作,他和他的朋友经常练习把农场上的牛按倒在地上。(TUF)

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因为他是一个摔跤冠军,他拿到了摔跤奖学金去美国普渡大学读书。但是因为听力上的障碍他上课无法理解老师的授课内容,学业变的很糟糕。他的父母为了让matt能够正常的接受教育,他们得知罗彻斯特理工学院有听力障碍教育课程,因此他们抵押自己的房子来支付matt的学费。在RIT他第一次接触到美国手语. 在RIT,Matt主修工程学,并且参加了摔跤队,他在学校的摔跤成绩是213胜,3负。(ZVRS)并且顺利毕业拿到了电子工程学的学位。Matt Hamill三次夺得NCAA第三级联赛摔跤的全国冠军,在2011年的听障奥林匹克运动会,他还获得了古典摔跤的银牌和自由摔跤的金牌。
Matt是在一家酒吧的保镖。有一次两个美式足球运动员打起架,Matt轻易的把他们扯开。那些酒吧现场的人看到那一幕建议他应该参加终极格斗锦标赛(UFC),它是全球最大的自由搏击组织。(ZVRS)在UFC,Matt Hamill有一个非常成功的MMA格斗生涯。迄今为止,号称“铁锤”的MattHamill是唯一一个站在UFC八角形擂台上的患有听障的格斗士(BRAKOB ) 当Matt在格斗的时候,他听不到教练给他的指导,在我上拳击台只前,我只专注我比赛的战术,我所有的注意力都集中在对手身上,然后把我的战术落实到对手身上,但是这是一个无奈之举。”(Whittaker)
他的教练说:“对我来说,因为他的听力障碍要尝试跟他交流感觉这是最为无助的感觉之一。但是在比赛过程中,节奏是很快的根本就来不及交流,所以都是他自己站在擂台上完全依靠自己来比赛的,那种感觉就像你眼睁睁的看一个人溺水身亡”。 (Deafreview)
“UFC 终极格斗士号称“铁锤”的MattHamill尽管出生就是个聋子但是他没有让他的残疾阻碍他的梦想。”(Whittaker) Matt Hamill的教练Duff Holmes说在MMA那些有毒瘾人群中部分人获得成功是受到的听障人群的激励。Matt他是听障人群里的英雄,他很看重听障人群对他的支持。

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Sunny是一名听障泰拳格斗士。他是来自马来西亚的一个小岛的少数民族。Sunny的教练Alvin Lim他是我的好朋友,他让队中的所有的泰拳格斗士都学习手语。Alvin为了让其他泰拳格斗士能够和sunny正常的交流他把手语课程内容写在武术馆的一块白板上让其他队员学习。Sunny在一个晚上拿到了他的第一个MMA的冠军,马来西亚的听障协会也到现场观看了他的比赛,每个人都为他感到骄傲。有一个过来观看比赛的听障人士他讲到,我们来到这里就是为了证明听障人群同样能够像正常的马来西亚人一样参与到各种生活事务中去” 他说,“我想向世界证明了聋人可以做任何事情。”
我在柬埔寨的拳击教练Paddy Carson,他已经教导我十年了。他教授我职业拳击和MMA格斗技术。60岁高龄的Paddy他仍然上拳击台每天教我训练,但是之后因为他身患癌症,他的腿被截肢了换上假肢。他康复了以后,Paddy继续做我的教练,他每天站在拳击台上教我训练。当他生气时,他仍然会用他的假肢踢我的屁股。在Paddy的腿还没有截肢之前,他说,年轻人总是软弱和懒惰。现在,只有一只腿的他仍然比其他的年轻人要强壮的多,这一点我为我的教练感到自豪。

老师问我们,为什么是残疾人体育教育是重要的?
1. 为了让残障人士知道,他们也可以实现自己的梦想
“我是个聋子但是我并不会为此伤心。我知道除了听力障碍我一定有别的天赋,虽然我不知道但是我对现在的我很满意”( Deaf Review)

2. 第二个原因,为什么残疾人运动比赛是重要的,因为比赛可以他们感受到自豪感

一个叫EricWeihenmayer的盲人成功征服珠穆朗玛峰
号称“铁锤”的MattHamill获得了摔跤冠军和UFC格斗士
来自马来西亚的Sunny是一名少数民族的聋子,但是他却成为了一名职业格斗士。
只有一条腿已经60岁高龄的Paddy Carson,他仍然战斗在一线的职业拳击教练席上。

有“铁锤”之称的终极格斗士Matt Hamill天生就是聋子但是他却没有让残疾阻碍他的梦想(惠特克)
3. 第三个原因是残疾人体育比赛的重要性在于这些人可以激励我们

参考书目
BRAKOB , A Matt Hamill fighting in silence, athleatslivehere.com, Mar , 2013
Deafreview staff, Hammer 2.0: Matt Hamill Coming Out of Retirement at UFC 152,deafreview, Sept, 2012
The Hammer, Film Harvest, Fifth Year Productions, TapouT Films, October, 2011
Mindenhall, C “Hamill an inspiration for deaf community”, ESPN Mixed Martial Arts, May, 2011
Mowl, A Inside the Cage With Matt Hamill, deafnation, 2011
TUF, The Ultimate Fighter, Season 3
Whittaker, G The Franchise Exclusive Interview: Matt Hamill, MMA HANGOVER, Feb, 2009
ZVRS: Exclusive Interview With Matt Hamill, Deaf YouVideo

Shuai Jiao Realist

In Uncategorized on May 9, 2014 at 10:39 am

By Antonio Graceffo
On deciding not to wrestle in the Chinese national shuai jiao championships:

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I originally wrote this on May 10, 2014, after long, painful deliberation on whether or not to pull out of the Chinese national wrestling championships. Today, May 14, 2014 the assistant coach told me the team has been pulled out of the competition for the same reasons I explain in detail below, namely, that while we can take opponents down and get point, we aren’t really using traditional techniques. So, the team is now focused on improving their traditional wrestling skills for the remaining 4 weeks of the semester. And we will hopefully compete, as a team, in the Fall of 2014. I personally will be going to wrestling camp for the whole summer in another country.

My eighth month-aversary is coming up now, eight months that I have been on the Chinese traditional wrestling (Shuai jiao) team at Shanghai University of Sport. Before joining the team, I had spent one year training and fighting MMA fulltime, in Malaysia. The final half of that year, I actually lived in the MMA gym. So, I had picked up some grappling, but I had never truly studied wrestling or Brazilian jujitsu. In fact, the only, actual wrestling training I had before becoming the first foreigner on the universityteam was a three week traditional wrestling camp in Beijing.
Most of my teammates at the university grew up in sports schools in China. My best friend on the team, Zheng Tong, for example, lived in a sports school, from age 9, learning Greco Roman wrestling. The other guys on the team have similar stories. The ones with the least training spent 5 years learning Greco, before coming to train at the university. One of the guys actually grew up in a sports school where he majored in Chinese traditional wrestling. So, he has the best traditional wrestling on the team.
During my first seven months on the team, while we were supposed to be doing Chinese traditional wrestling, the coach would often give us a choice of what to work on. And we all inevitably chose freestyle or Greco Roman wrestling. While I tried to learn as much of the Chinese wrestling as I could, I simply liked freestyle better. Freestyle just seemed to focus on effectiveness, rather than tradition. Because we have three codes of wrestling on our team, four if you count MMA wrestling, we are constantly exchanging techniques, and mixing and matching them when we wrestle. And this is exactly what happens in MMA gyms. So, I felt very much at home with my team.
The difference between Shuai jiao and freestyle wrestling, to me, is analogous to the difference between, say karate and MMA kick boxing. In Karate, you do a movement or us a kick simply because it is karate, and not because you have evaluated it and determined it to be the best way to move or kick. In an MMA gym, on the other hand, fighters take from all disciplines, based on effectiveness. When we practice kick boxing, although most gyms will tend to have a Muay Thai base, they will add in EVERYTHING; kyokushin, 70’s style kick boxing, taekwondo…whatever techniques the MMA guys see and like, they simply add to their arsenal. Here in China, we all cross train in san da, Chinese kick boxing, but, we don’t throw away the muay Thai. Some of my MMA training partners have kung fu or wing chun backgrounds. One was even a savat competitor. And we simply take the best of everything, add it together, and call it kick boxing or striking for MMA.
The university wrestling team is like this too. The guys are really good at upper body control because of the Chinese wrestling training. But they can also do upper body strength throws from Greco. They add in leg grabs and shoots from freestyle. They all have good leg hooking, sweeping, and tripping from Chinese wrestling. Next, I came along with my MMA grappling and a number of the guys have adopted the BJJ sit through takedown and a few others that I have shown them. Some of us have had san da training, so we bring the san da throws to the wrestling room.
But true Shuai jiao is different. It’s not just about taking your opponent down. It’s about mastering the real, Chinese traditional techniques. And that takes practice. It starts with ji ben gong, basic kung fu style exercise, and evolves into drills and throws. Until about a month ago, in our sparring, and even in a huge tournament that we competed in, we all just used whatever techniques we wanted, as long as they didn’t break the rules. My teammates always joke with me that I am the king of the one point throws, for example, because I always go down with my opponent, resulting in a one point penalty, reducing my two-point throw to a one-point throw. While going down with the opponent is frowned upon in Shuai jiao, it’s a good habit in both MMA and freestyle wrestling.
Looking at the photos and videos from the tournament, I see my teammates doing body slams and body locks, saltos, a lot of lag grabs and high crotch throws… all sorts of freestyle wrestling techniques that are legal in Chinese wrestling but that are not real Chinese techniques. On the same videos, I see the kids from the sports high school utilizing the traditional Chinese throws.
Do to my age, 47, and the accumulation of injuries which severely limit my range of motion, when the team is doing Chinese drills or acrobatics, the coach excuses me from regular training. Instead, he chooses one of my teammates to free spar with me, until the team is ready to change into their Shuai jiao jackets. Then I rejoin the team for Shuai jiao sparring.
The other day at practice, while my team worked on techniques for the national championships, I did free wrestling with Chen Zengxin, who has been training and competing in Greco Roman wrestling since age 4. He is 22 now and has just retired from national and international level Greco competition. He has just started studying at the university and has only been on our team for a few weeks. When we trained together that day, we didn’t wear jackets, because he doesn’t know Chinese wrestling yet. We just trained freestyle. Or, more accurately, he told me I could do freestyle and he would do Greco. It didn’t matter. I never managed to take him down or even take his leg. I learned a lot from him. And obviously, he took me down at will. I did manage to pull him down with me once or twice, but as a rule, he could have literally killed me with his Greco skill at any moment.
I was so grateful to have a chance to work with a championship level wrestler like Chen Zengxin. And I felt that experience had more impact on my life and development as a wrestler/fighter than would one more session of Shuai jiao.
This realization was like a wakeup call. I don’t seem to be learning Shuai jiao anymore. I am just learning more and better wrestling, which is fine for my personal goal of being a better wrestler and fight. But I need to be realistic about my involvement in Shuai jiao.
Over the last two weeks, as my team has been concentrating on the national Shuai jiao championships, they have been training in traditional wrestling with ferocity. And, I realized I have no place in the national championships. I almost never do traditional wrestling. Every session that I am given a choice of what to work on, I opt for freestyle. My freestyle is really coming along. And even freestyle wrestling I learn for the purpose of being a better MMA fighter, not to really compete in freestyle wrestling. So, I think none of my styles is pure.
After free that day, we sparred 8 rounds of match sparring in Chinese traditional wrestling, and this confirmed for me that I have no idea what I am doing in that sport.
Looking back over photos and videos of training and sparring, I see that it is incredibly rare that I even grab my opponent’s jacket, which is the whole point of Chinese wrestling. Instead, all of my throws are from body locks and taking a leg. Until a few weeks ago, my teammates were fighting that way too, using a combination of Greco and freestyle. So, it just seemed to be the normal culture of our team. But now that the nationals are just weeks away, the guys are all strictly adhering to traditional rules. In fact, when we were choosing partners today, Wang YeChao, the team captain and one of my best friends, actually refused to partner with me. He said, “I want to train for nationals.”
That sort of hurt.
The coach doesn’t want Chen Zengxin to wrestle in nationals because he has only been with our team a few weeks and has literally zero Chinese wrestling skill, although he can still win, using Greco. We had a guest trainer that day, and he kept scolding Chen Zengxin because his techniques all came from Greco. The trainer kept yelling, “Grab the jacket! That’s what it’s there for.
As for my personal development as a wrestler, even now that my teammates are ratcheting up their skills and that I am no longer allowed to break the rules at will, I get some points from reversals. The thing I am proud of is that even though they are fighting with real intensity, I still manage to turn most of their two-point throws into one-point throws by pulling them down with me. All except Chen Zengxin, that is. He probably threw me about 25 times that day. About 70% of those throws, I managed to hook an ankle or a leg and throw him over my head as I fell, and YET, he would simply land on his feet. He is really amazing.
As for Shuai jiao, I am writing my doctoral dissertation on the differences and similarities between Chinese Shuai jiao and modern freestyle wrestling. I think today was one of those “Ah, ha!” moments, where I just discovered a new aspect of wrestling culture to explore. Different from freestyle wresting, traditional wrestling means “traditional wrestling.” It can’t change. It can’t be added to or taken away from. And no matter how many matches you win, you are either doing traditional wrestling or you aren’t.
Backing out of nationals changes very little about my training. I will continue to train hard with the team, and learn as much as I can. I simply won’t go to nationals. I think in proper Chinese traditional wrestling competition with rules that say you can only clinch for 3 seconds before taking someone down, or can only hold a leg for 3 seconds, or where they may penalize me for throwing from body lock or from sacrifice throws, I think it would just be a terrible experience of getting both beat up and demoralized to wrestle in a code where I am powerless against the best guys in the country. After all, it’s their sport. This decision may even be mute as the nationals seem to be right around the same time as my dissertation proposal defense. When I get the official dates, it may turn out I couldn’t have done both anyway.
I have about 5 weeks of school left. After my proposal defense I plan to shoot off to Cambodia and Singapore to train in freestyle wrestling and MMA for most of the summer. At some point I want to learn judo. Also, if I had a chance to study Greco, that would be awesome. So much to learn…
Brooklyn Monk, Antonio Graceffo is a PhD candidate at Shanghai University of sport, writing his dissertation on comparative forms of Chinese wrestling. He is martial arts and adventure author living in Asia, the author of the books, “Warrior Odyssey’ and “The Monk from Brooklyn.” He is also the host of the web TV show, “Martial Arts Odyssey,” which traces his ongoing journey through Asia, learning martial arts in various countries.
Warrior Odyssey, the book chronicling Antonio Graceffo’s first six years in Asia is available at amazon.com. The book contains stories about the war in Burma and the Shan State Army. The book is available at http://www.blackbeltmag.com/warrior_odyssey
See Antonio’s Destinations video series and find out about his column on http://www.blackbeltmag.com
Twitter
http://twitter.com/Brooklynmonk
facebook
Brooklyn Monk fan page
Brooklyn Monk on YOUTUBE
http://www.youtube.com/user/brooklynmonk1
Brooklyn Monk in Asia Podcast (anti-travel humor)
http://brooklynmonk.podomatic.com